The EU Approach to Combat Wildlife Trafficking

Wildlife trafficking (defined as the illegal cross-border trade in biological resources taken from the wild, including trade in timber and marine species) is not a new phenomenon, but its scale, nature and impacts have changed considerably in recent years. Poaching has reached unprecedented levels for some species, and the world is currently facing a dramatic surge in wildlife trafficking.

On 7 February 2014, the European Commission adopted aCommunication and launched a stakeholder consultation on the future EU approach to wildlife trafficking. On 10 and 11 April 2014, the European Commission organized an expert conference, followed by dedicated workshops to discuss how to strengthen enforcement and the fight against organized wildlife crime in the EU and how to make EU support against wildlife trafficking at global level more effective.

The Commission services have released a summary of the responses to the stakeholder consultation on wildlife trafficking launched in February 2014. On that basis, the European Commission will review the existing policies and measures at EU level so as to enable the EU to react more effectively to the current crisis situation.

The European Commission published in August 2015 a roadmap relating to the development of an EU Action Plan against wildlife trafficking, which presents options on further actions by the EU in that field and seeks feedback from stakeholders. Comments on this document can be sent through the European Commission’s better Regulation webpage.

Foto: Ana Cotta